Urea is a chemical compound with the molecular formula CO(NH₂)₂. It is a colorless, odorless solid that is highly soluble in water. Urea is produced naturally in the bodies of mammals, including humans, as a product of the breakdown of proteins and amino acids. It is primarily excreted in urine as a way for the body to eliminate excess nitrogen, which is a waste product of protein metabolism.

In addition to its biological role, urea has many industrial applications. One of the most significant uses of urea is as a nitrogen-containing fertilizer. It provides a source of nitrogen that plants need for their growth and development. Urea is also used in the production of various chemicals, resins, and plastics. It has applications in the production of adhesives, textiles, and even some types of explosives.

Urea has found its place in skincare as well, where it is used in certain creams and lotions for its ability to help moisturize and soften the skin. It is a common ingredient in dermatological products designed to address dry or rough skin.

Overall, urea’s versatility and various applications make it an important compound in both biological and industrial contexts.